Nicholas E. Calio is president and chief executive officer of Airlines for America (A4A), the nation's oldest and largest airline trade association. Mr. Calio became the association's chief executive in January 2011. Prior to joining A4A, Mr. Calio was Citigroup's executive vice president for global government affairs. He was responsible for the company's government affairs globally, including U.S. federal government relations, U.S. state government relations and international government relations. He was also a member of Citigroup's Senior Leadership Committee. Before joining Citigroup, Mr. Calio served President George W. Bush as assistant to the president for legislative affairs from January 2001 to January 2003. As the president's principal liaison to Congress, Mr. Calio worked closely with the leadership and members of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, and had the primary responsibility for formulating and implementing White House strategy on all legislative issues. He held the same position during the administration of President George H.W. Bush. The New York Times once described him as a "forceful broker...not only between the White House and Congress, but also among Cabinet officials...: later "credit[ed] him with a major role in the biggest White House legislative victories on Capitol Hill, among them the resolution authorizing use of force against Iraq, the creation of the Homeland Security Department, an education bill and a major tax cut." Congressional Quarterly reported that "lawmakers of both parties also say Calio's forceful approach ...helped Bush put together a string of triumphs on Capitol Hill," while Roll Call stated that "...he has a reputation as a prodigious lobbyist and one of Capitol Hill's best vote counters." Prior to joining the Bush administration, Mr. Calio was a partner at O'Brien*Calio, a law and lobbying firm he co-founded in 1993. A 1998 Fortune magazine survey of Members of Congress, congressional staff, administration staff, and Washington lobbyists rated the firm as one of "the ten most powerful" in Washington. Mr. Calio started the firm after leaving the first Bush administration. Mr. Calio has had substantial experience serving business interests in legislative and legal matters throughout his career. He also has been vice president of The Duberstein Group, Inc., a legislative consulting firm and senior vice president of the National Association of Wholesaler-Distributors, a major business trade association. Prior to that, he practiced law with the firm of Santarelli and Gimer. Mr. Calio is a graduate of Ohio Wesleyan University and Case Western Reserve University School of Law. He has been active in the last eight presidential campaigns. He serves on the board of directors of Bryce Harlow Foundation and the First Tee of Washington, D.C.